Following India`s announcement of a $500 million package for the Maldives, Exim Bank of India and the Maldives Treasury signed a $400 million agreement with Male. India and Iran first agreed in 2003 on plans to develop the shahid Beheshti port, but not because of sanctions against Iran. [4] From 2016, the port has ten berths. [1] In May 2016, India and Iran signed a bilateral agreement in which India was to clean up one of the berths at Shahid Beheshti port and rebuild a 600-metre-long container transfer facility in the port. [5] The port is supposed to offer part of the alternative to trade between India and Afghanistan, as it is 800 kilometres from the border with Afghanistan compared to the Pakistani port of Karachi. [6] In 2015, the port processed 2.1 million tonnes of cargo[7] which is expected to be reequipped to 8.5 million tonnes by 2016 and 86 million tonnes in the future. [8] [9] After the reintroduction of sanctions against Iran, foreign companies were reluctant to participate in the expansion of the port[10] and only 10% of the port`s total capacity of 8.5 million tonnes was used in 2019. [11] Sanctions also played a role in reducing India`s commitment and investments in the Chabahar-Zahedan Railway by $1.6 billion. [12] The trilateral transit agreement signed by India, Iran and Afghanistan allows Indian goods to access Afghanistan via Iran.

It connects ports on the west coast of India to the port of Chabahar and includes road and rail links between Chabahar and the Afghan border. [47] “Despite the 2003 ceasefire agreement, Pakistan continues to provide cross-border cover fires to the infiltrants. Such incursions are not possible without the participation of the Pakistani armed forces along the line of control,” he said. In January 2018, Iran and India signed a $2 billion agreement for rail cooperation. Part of the agreement involves a $600 million letter of intent for Iran to purchase locomotives and freight cars in India. [76] The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MEA) reminded the neighbouring country of the 2003 ceasefire agreement. MeA spokesman Anurag Srivastava said Pakistan continued to support the infiltrating and that it was not possible to provide multi-weapon weapons to promote terrorist activities without the support of the Pakistani armed forces. The security forces of Jammu and Kashmir neutralized four terrorists on Thursday morning who, according to the IJ Jammu, were planning a major attack before the SDC elections.

In keeping with its desire to be seen as an important regional player, Iran has taken the initiative to cooperate with all neighbouring countries to improve Chabahar`s transit potential. It signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Afghanistan and Tajikistan for the construction of railways, water lines and energy transport. She was very interested in extending the Khvaf-Herat railway line to connect it to the railways of Central Asia, Turkey and Europe. It has reached an agreement with Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan for the establishment of a transport corridor between these countries. In addition to Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Oman, Syria, India and Central Asian countries, it is also an important partner in the North-South International Corridor (INSTC), which aims to link South Asian and Central Asian countries to Northern Europe via Iran and Russia. With regard to shabahar in particular, Iran considered it a turnkey port to connect India with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries. Initiatives include a road from Chabahar to Milak on the border with Afghanistan, the Chababahar-Faraj-Bam rail link, the Chabahar-Zahedan-Mashhad rail link, which continues to Herat and Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan and Termez in Uzbekistan. [36] Iran also plans to build Iranrud, a Suez Canal through Iran, to connect the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf. [Citation required] The bilateral agreement between India and Iran gives India the right to develop two berths at the port of Chabahar, as agreed in 2015, and allows it to do so for 10 years of

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